Identifying hospital admissions due to adverse drug events using a computer-based monitor

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. Mar-Apr 2001;10(2):113-9. doi: 10.1002/pds.568.

Abstract

Background: Hospital admissions due to adverse drug events (ADEs) are expensive, and many may be preventable, yet few institutions have ongoing surveillance for these events.

Objective: To evaluate the use of a computer-based ADE monitor to identify admissions due to ADEs and to measure the associated costs.

Design: Prospective cohort study in one tertiary care hospital.

Participants: All patients admitted to nine medical and surgical units in a tertiary care hospital over an 8-month period.

Main outcome measure: Admissions to the hospital due to an adverse drug event.

Methods: A computer-based monitoring program generated alerts suggesting that an ADE might be present. A trained reviewer then evaluated the record.

Results: Among the 3238 admissions, 76 (2.3%, 1.4% after adjusting for sampling) were found to be caused by an ADE. Of these ADEs, 78% were severe and 28% were preventable. Estimated costs were $16,177 per ADE, and $10,375 per preventable ADE; annualized costs to the hospital were $6.3 million per year for all ADEs, and $1.2 million for preventable ADEs.

Conclusions: Many admissions were caused by ADEs, although our point estimate undoubtedly represents a lower bound. These events were mostly severe, often preventable, and expensive. The computer-based monitoring system represents a practical approach for identifying ADEs that occur in outpatients and cause admission to the hospital.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Computers
  • Drug Monitoring / methods*
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions*
  • Hospitalization / economics
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Pharmacoepidemiology