Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) is a major mediator in septic shock and several inflammatory diseases such as hepatitis. Galactosamine (GalN) sensitises experimental animals for TNF and the combination TNF/GalN leads to a lethal inflammatory hepatitis. We describe that a single injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), interleukin-1 (IL-1) or TNF can desensitise against the lethality induced by TNF/GalN, but also against changes in metabolic parameters such as hypothermia and transaminase release, in a dose responsive way. We also describe the desensitising capacity of a component present in Mouse Liver Extract (MLE). The MLE desensitises mice against the effects of TNF/GalN in a dose responsive way. The activity of the MLE is heat labile and does not involve LPS, TNF, IL-1 or TNF soluble receptors. We describe partial and complete purification of the factor. Partially pure material protects mice against all changes induced by TNF/GalN. The protection is dose dependent and heat labile and also possible in endotoxin-hyporesponsive C3H/HeJ mice. The pure material protects against lethality, hypothermia and AST release and it appears as a heat labile protein of relative molecular weight of 70 kDa probably with a break down product of 35 kDa.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.