Comparison of the effects of enalapril and losartan on posttransplantation erythrocytosis in renal transplant recipients: prospective randomized study

Transplantation. 2001 Aug 15;72(3):542-4. doi: 10.1097/00007890-200108150-00035.


Background: The aim of this prospective randomized study was to compare the safety and efficacy of enalapril (E) and losartan (L) in the treatment of posttransplantation erythrocytosis and the effect of the ACE genotype on response to therapy.

Methods: Twenty-seven (24 male and 3 female, mean age 34+/-8 years) renal transplant recipients with erythrocytosis were treated either with E (15 patients) (10 mg/day) or L (12 patients) (50 mg/day) for 8 weeks.

Results: The hemoglobin levels were significantly decreased in the L (17.1+/-0.7 to 15.9+/-1.3 g/dl, P=0.01) and E groups (17.4+/-1.1 to 14.9+/-2.2 g/dl, P=0.001). Among the responders who discontinued treatment, there was a trend for longer time to relapse in the L group (7.38+/-3.75 months; 95% confidence interval: 0.03-14.7) compared with the E group (2.75+/-0.70 (95% confidence interval: 1.37-4.13) (P=0.11). Decrease in hemoglobin was more prominent with E compared with L (-3.26+/-0.65 vs. -1.70+/-0.39 g/dl, P=0.05). Decrease in hemoglobin levels between DD and non-DD genotype groups was similar (-2.0+/-1.5 vs. -1.7+/-2.3 g/dl, P=0.69).

Conclusions: Enalapril caused a greater decrease but faster relapse in hemoglobin levels compared with losartan in patients with posttransplantation erythrocytosis. The DD type polymorphism had no effect on response.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / adverse effects
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Enalapril / adverse effects
  • Enalapril / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Hemoglobins / analysis
  • Humans
  • Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects*
  • Losartan / adverse effects
  • Losartan / therapeutic use*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A / genetics
  • Polycythemia / blood
  • Polycythemia / drug therapy*
  • Prospective Studies


  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Hemoglobins
  • Enalapril
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A
  • Losartan