The Ectocarpus siliculosus Virus-1, EsV-1, is the type-species of a genus of Phycodnaviridae, the phaeoviruses, infecting marine filamentous brown algae. The EsV-1 genome of 335,593 bp contains tandem and dispersed repetitive elements in addition to a large number of open reading frames of which 231 are currently counted as genes. Many genes can be assigned to functional groups involved in DNA synthesis, DNA integration, transposition, and polysaccharide metabolism. Furthermore, EsV-1 contains components of a surprisingly complex signal transduction system with six different hybrid histidine protein kinases and four putative serine/threonine protein kinases. Several other genes encode polypeptides with protein-protein interaction domains. However, 50% of the predicted genes have no counterparts in data banks. Only 28 of the 231 identified genes have significant sequence similarities to genes of the Chlorella virus PBCV-1, another phycodnavirus. To our knowledge, the EsV-1 genome is the largest viral DNA sequenced to date.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.