Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) has two different clinical phases: the initial phase and generalized phase. In patients with generalized WG, both steroids and cyclophosphamide have generally been used. We report a case of generalized WG that was temporarily, but successfully treated with sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (S/T) alone. S/T therapy reduced the elevated levels of soluble IL-2 receptor and IL-6 in parallel with improvement of the patient's symptoms and urinary protein excretion. In view of the high incidence of lethal adverse effects of cytotoxic drugs, S/T monotherapy may be worth trying not only for initial phase WG but also for generalized WG with careful follow-up when the patient is not acutely ill.