Spirulina maxima prevents fatty liver formation in CD-1 male and female mice with experimental diabetes

Life Sci. 2001 Jul 20;69(9):1029-37. doi: 10.1016/s0024-3205(01)01185-7.


The dietary administration of 5% Spirulina maxima (SM) during four weeks to diabetic mice, starting one week after a single dose of alloxan, 250 mg/Kg body weight, prevented fatty liver production in male and female animals. The main action of SM was on triacylglycerol levels in serum and liver. There was also a moderate hypoglycemia in male mice. The thiobarbituric acid reactive substances also decreased in serum and liver after SM administration. There was also a decrease in the percentage of HDL in diabetic mice that was reverted by the SM administration. The sum of LDL + VLDL percentages was also partially normalized in diabetic animals by the SM administration. An additional observation was the lower incidence of adherences between the liver and the intestine loops in the diabetic mice treated with SM compared with diabetic mice without SM. Male and female mice showed differences to diabetes susceptibility and response to SM, the female being more resistant to diabetes induction by alloxan and more responsive to the beneficial effects of SM. It is worth future work of SM on humans looking for better quality of life and longer survival of diabetic patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacterial Proteins / administration & dosage*
  • Blood Glucose / drug effects
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / diet therapy*
  • Diet
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Fatty Liver / pathology
  • Fatty Liver / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Lipoproteins / blood
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Sex Characteristics
  • Spirulina
  • Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances / metabolism
  • Tissue Adhesions / diet therapy
  • Triglycerides / blood


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Blood Glucose
  • Lipoproteins
  • Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
  • Triglycerides
  • Cholesterol