Relation between average alcohol consumption and disease: an overview

Eur Addict Res. 2001 Aug;7(3):117-27. doi: 10.1159/000050729.


Objective: To conduct an overview of alcohol-related health consequences and to estimate relative risk for chronic consequences and attributable fractions for acute consequences.

Methods: Identification of alcohol-related consequences was performed by means of reviewing and evaluating large-scale epidemiological studies and reviews on alcohol and health, including epidemiological contributions to major social cost studies. Relative risks and alcohol-attributable fractions were drawn from the international literature and risk estimates were updated, whenever possible, by means of meta-analytical techniques.

Results: More than 60 health consequences were identified for which a causal link between alcohol consumption and outcome can be assumed.

Conclusions: Future research on alcohol-related health consequences should focus on standardization of exposure measures and take into consideration both average volume of consumption and patterns of drinking.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
  • Alcohol-Induced Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Humans
  • Severity of Illness Index