Mild ventriculomegaly, mild cerebellar hypoplasia and dysplastic choroid plexus as early prenatal signs of CHARGE association

Fetal Diagn Ther. Sep-Oct 2001;16(5):280-3. doi: 10.1159/000053928.

Abstract

CHARGE association has been diagnosed postnatally in increasing numbers since the first description in 1979. The acronym CHARGE includes the abnormalities ocular Colobomas (iris, retina or nervus opticus), Heart disease, Atresia of choanae, Retarded growth and development and/or central nervous system anomalies, Genital hypoplasia, Ear anomalies and deafness. So far, no prenatal diagnosis of the CHARGE association has been described; only one case report presents prenatal symptoms detected at 31 gestational weeks. In our case, prenatally detected mild cerebral ventriculomegaly and dysplasia of choroid plexus were abnormalities visible as early as 15+6 weeks as well as mild cerebellar hypoplasia at 21+1 weeks. At 28+6 weeks, in addition polyhydramnios could be found. The combination of the 'benign' central-nervous findings raised suspicion of a severe congenital malformation at 21+1 weeks which was confirmed postnatally in the form of diagnosis of CHARGE association.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cerebellum / abnormalities*
  • Cerebellum / diagnostic imaging
  • Cerebral Ventricles / abnormalities*
  • Cerebral Ventricles / diagnostic imaging
  • Choroid Plexus / abnormalities*
  • Choroid Plexus / diagnostic imaging
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Hearing Disorders / complications
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability / complications
  • Polyhydramnios / diagnostic imaging
  • Pregnancy
  • Syndrome
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal*
  • Vision Disorders / complications