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. 2001 Aug;8(15):1157-66.
doi: 10.1038/sj.gt.3301496.

Cytokine Gene Therapy of Gliomas: Effective Induction of Therapeutic Immunity to Intracranial Tumors by Peripheral Immunization With interleukin-4 Transduced Glioma Cells

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Cytokine Gene Therapy of Gliomas: Effective Induction of Therapeutic Immunity to Intracranial Tumors by Peripheral Immunization With interleukin-4 Transduced Glioma Cells

H Okada et al. Gene Ther. .
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Abstract

To provide a means for comparing strategies for cytokine gene therapy against intracranial (i.c.) tumors, we generated rat gliosarcoma 9L cells transfected with interleukin-4 (9L-IL4), interleukin-12 (9L-IL12), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (9L-GMCSF) or interferon-alpha (9L-IFNalpha). To simulate direct and highly efficient cytokine gene delivery, cytokine transfected 9L tumors were implanted i.c. into syngeneic rats. i.c. injection led to tumor-outgrowth in the brain and killed most animals, whereas these cell lines were rejected following intradermal (i.d.) injection. Cytokine-expressing i.c. 9L tumors, however, had a greater degree of infiltration by immune cells compared with control, mock-transfected 9L-neo, but to a lesser degree than i.d. cytokine-expressing tumors. Tumor angiogenesis was suppressed in cytokine-transfected tumors. In a prophylaxis model, i.d. vaccination with 9L-IL4 resulted in long-term survival of 90% of rats challenged i.c. with parental 9L; whereas 40% of 9L-GM-CSF, 40% of 9L-IFNalpha and 0% of 9L-IL12-immunized rats were protected. In a therapy model (day 3 i.c. 9L tumors), only i.d. immunization with 9L-IL4 had long-term therapeutic benefits as 43% of rats survived >100 days. These data indicate that peripheral immunization with 9L-IL4 had the most potent therapeutic benefit among various cytokines and approaches tested against established, i.c. 9L tumors.

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