Aims: To assess the accuracy of positron emission tomography to predict recovery of global cardiac function after revascularization in patients with coronary artery disease.
Methods and results: One hundred and seventy-eight patients (157 male, 58+/-10 years) with coronary artery disease and left ventricular dysfunction (mean ejection fraction 39+/-14%) were enrolled in six European centres. They underwent a common protocol for the assessment of viability using(18)F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography during a standardized euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic glucose clamp before revascularization by either surgery (n=140) or angioplasty (n=38). Seven patients were excluded because of incomplete revascularization of a dysfunctional region. Based on the recovery of global ejection fraction 2-6 months after revascularization, patients were classified into two groups: 82 patients who had a >5% improvement in ejection fraction postoperatively, and 89 patients without postoperative ejection fraction improvement. Optimal cut-off points for postoperative improvement of global cardiac function were computed, using receiver operating curve analysis. The highest sensitivity (79%) and specificity (55%) for predicting postoperative ejection fraction improvement by positron emission tomography was found when three or more dysfunctional segments had a relative FDG uptake >45% of normal remote myocardium (overall accuracy 67%).
Conclusions: In a large cohort of coronary patients with impaired ejection fraction, FDG positron emission tomography demonstrated high sensitivity and moderate specificity to predict improvement of cardiac function after coronary revascularization.
Copyright 2001 The European Society of Cardiology.