A group of neonatal (n=10) and 12-week-old (n=12) anesthetized, ventilated New Zealand white rabbits received an acute i.v. dose (40 mg/kg body weight) of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA, Aspirin). In the neonatal animals, i.v. ASA caused within 20 min a significant (P<0.01) fall in renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate (GFR), with an equally significant (P<0.01) increase in filtration fraction and renal vascular resistance. The latter indicates greatly augmented renal vasconstriction or more precisely reduction in intrarenal vasodilatation by inhibition of vasodilatory prostaglandin (PG) synthesis. Urine volume decreased. The 12-week-old young adult animals responded in a similar, but significantly attenuated fashion. These experiments demonstrate that inhibition of PG synthesis in neonatal animals causes very rapid, reversible vasoconstriction, with a reduction in GFR. In addition, this study confirms previous observations that the renal hemodynamic response to the inhibition of PG synthesis is far more pronounced in neonatal animals than in (young) adult rabbits.