Removal of ochratoxin A in red wines by means of adsorption treatments with commercial fining agents

J Agric Food Chem. 2001 Aug;49(8):3917-21. doi: 10.1021/jf010137o.


The presence in wine of the fungal metabolite, ochratoxin A (OTA), represents a serious risk for consumer health. A variety of fining agents, including activated carbon, silica gel, potassium caseinate, egg albumin, and gelatin, was evaluated in relation to their abilities to remove OTA in fortified wines. Freundlich adsorption isotherms were used to model the adsorption behavior between ochratoxin A and the fining agent. Potassium caseinate and activated carbon were found to be the best fining agents that could be used to remove OTA in wine. Potassium caseinate removed up to 82% of OTA when used at 150 g/hL, whereas activated carbon showed the highest specific adsorption capacity due to a high surface area per mass and low adsorption of total polyphenols.

MeSH terms

  • Absorption
  • Carbon / chemistry*
  • Ochratoxins / isolation & purification*
  • Potassium Compounds / chemistry*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Wine / analysis*


  • Ochratoxins
  • Potassium Compounds
  • ochratoxin A
  • Carbon