We examined the reactivity of 3-alkyl group homologues of farnesyl diphosphate or isopentenyl diphosphate for medium-chain prenyl diphosphate synthases, hexaprenyl diphosphate- or heptaprenyl diphosphate synthase. But-3-enyl diphosphate, which lacks the methyl group at the 3-position of isopentenyl diphosphate, condensed only once with farnesyl diphosphate to give E-norgeranylgeranyl diphosphate by the action of either enzyme. However, norfarnesyl diphosphate was never accepted as an allylic substrate at all. 3-Ethylbut-3-enyl diphosphate also reacted with farnesyl diphosphate giving a mixture of (all-E)-3-ethyl-7,11,15-trimethylhexadeca-2,6,10,14-tetraenyl- and (all-E)-3,7-diethyl-11,15,19-trimethylicosa-2,6,10,14,18-pentaenyl diphosphates by hexaprenyl diphosphate synthase. On the other hand, heptaprenyl diphosphate synthase reaction of 3-ethylbut-3-enyl diphosphate with farnesyl diphosphate gave only (all-E)-3-ethyl-7,11,15-trimethylhexadeca-2,6,10,14-tetraenyl diphosphate.