Quantitative evaluation of convolution-based methods for medical image interpolation

Med Image Anal. 2001 Jun;5(2):111-26. doi: 10.1016/s1361-8415(00)00040-2.


Interpolation is required in a variety of medical image processing applications. Although many interpolation techniques are known from the literature, evaluations of these techniques for the specific task of applying geometrical transformations to medical images are still lacking. In this paper we present such an evaluation. We consider convolution-based interpolation methods and rigid transformations (rotations and translations). A large number of sinc-approximating kernels are evaluated, including piecewise polynomial kernels and a large number of windowed sinc kernels, with spatial supports ranging from two to ten grid intervals. In the evaluation we use images from a wide variety of medical image modalities. The results show that spline interpolation is to be preferred over all other methods, both for its accuracy and its relatively low computational cost.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Brain Mapping / methods*
  • Diagnostic Imaging*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Mathematics