Principles and history of closed-loop controlled ventilation

Respir Care Clin N Am. 2001 Sep;7(3):341-62, vii. doi: 10.1016/s1078-5337(05)70040-x.


Respiratory management of intubated patients is a complex problem, even if airway management, sedation, and infection control are excluded and only the limited problem of "how to set a ventilator" is considered. Four dimensions shape the overall strategy for setting a ventilator: time, physiologic task, primary lung disease, and general therapeutic approach. Initiation (start-up), maintenance, and weaning are the principal dimensions in time. This article discusses the closed-loop control method.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Equipment Design
  • Feedback*
  • Humans
  • Respiration, Artificial*