Values of electroretinogram responses according to axial length

Doc Ophthalmol. 2001 Mar;102(2):115-30. doi: 10.1023/a:1017535207481.


Accurate interpretation of electroretinograms (ERGs) requires knowledge of effects of axial myopia on ERG responses. Our purpose was to derive expected changes of ERG responses according to axial length, to stimulus conditions that conform to the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV) Standard for Electroretinography. ERGs from 60 subjects were recorded. The subjects were assigned to one of three groups according to the level of myopia. Thirty-three subjects had high myopia (-6.00 D to -14.50 D; mean age, 31 years), eight had mild myopia (-3.00 D to -5.00; mean age, 28 years), and 19 had a small refractive error (+0.75 D to -2.75 D; mean age, 27 years). No subjects had myopic retinopathy. Stimulus-response curves were fitted to dark-adapted b-wave amplitudes and maximum amplitude and semi-saturation constants derived. Axial lengths, measured with A scan ultrasound, ranged from 22.2 mm to 30.0 mm. Analysis of variance and post hoc t-tests revealed significant difference between subjects with high myopia and subjects with small refractive error for ERG amplitude data. There were no significant differences between the three groups for implicit times, the ratio of b- to a-wave and semi-saturation constant. There is linear reduction in the logarithmic transform of ERG amplitude with increasing axial length, related more to axial length than refractive error. We provide relative slope and intercept values, allowing labs to derive expected ERG amplitudes according to axial length. These derivations are valid for persons with no retinopathy.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Dark Adaptation
  • Electroretinography / methods*
  • Eye / anatomy & histology
  • Humans
  • Myopia / physiopathology*
  • Retina / physiopathology*