Food habits of Canadians: comparison of intakes in adults and adolescents to Canada's food guide to healthy eating

Can J Diet Pract Res. Summer 2001;62(2):61-9.


Over 25 years have elapsed since national food and nutrient intake data became available in Canada. Our goal was to describe present dietary intakes based on sociodemographic and 24-hour recall dietary interviews with adults and adolescents from households across the country. Within a multistage, stratified random sample of 80 enumeration areas, 1,543 randomly selected adults (aged 18-65) were enrolled in the study; 178 adolescents within the sampled households also participated. A comparison of food intake with Canada's Food Guide to Healthy Eating indicated that only males aged 13-34 met the minimum recommended intake levels for all four food groups. Mean milk products intake was below the minimum recommended level for all age groups of females and for men aged 35-65 years. Adolescent girls had low intakes of meat and alternatives. Daily grain product intakes were below five servings for women aged 50-65, as were vegetable and fruit intakes for women aged 18-40. Food choices from the "other foods" group contributed over 25% of energy and fat intake for all age and gender groups. These up-to-date data will be useful to dietitians, nutrition researchers, industry, and government in their efforts to promote Canadians' continued progress toward meeting food intake recommendations.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Canada
  • Dairy Products
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Feeding Behavior*
  • Female
  • Fruit
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meat
  • Mental Recall
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutrition Policy
  • Vegetables


  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats