Validation of a new algorithm for the BPM-100 electronic oscillometric office blood pressure monitor

Blood Press Monit. 2001 Jun;6(3):161-5. doi: 10.1097/00126097-200106000-00008.


Background: To test the accuracy of a new algorithm for the BPM-100, an automated oscillometric blood pressure (BP) monitor, using stored data from an independently conducted validation trial comparing the BPM-100(Beta) with a mercury sphygmomanometer.

Design: Raw pulse wave and cuff pressure data were stored electronically using embedded software in the BPM-100(Beta), during the validation trial. The 391 sets of measurements were separated objectively into two subsets. A subset of 136 measurements was used to develop a new algorithm to enhance the accuracy of the device when reading higher systolic pressures. The larger subset of 255 measurements (three readings for 85 subjects) was used as test data to validate the accuracy of the new algorithm.

Methods: Differences between the new algorithm BPM-100 and the reference (mean of two observers) were determined and expressed as the mean difference +/- SD, plus the percentage of measurements within 5, 10, and 15 mmHg.

Results: The mean difference between the BPM-100 and reference systolic BP was -0.16 +/- 5.13 mmHg, with 73.7% < or = 5 mmHg, 94.9% < or = 10 mmHg and 98.8% < or = 15 mmHg. The mean difference between the BPM-100 and reference diastolic BP was -1.41 +/- 4.67 mmHg, with 78.4% < or = 5 mmHg, 92.5% < or = 10 mmHg, and 99.2% < or = 15 mmHg. These data improve upon that of the BPM-100(Beta) and pass the AAMI standard, and 'A' grade BHS protocol.

Conclusion: This study illustrates a new method for developing and testing a change in an algorithm for an oscillometric BP monitor utilizing collected and stored electronic data and demonstrates that the new algorithm meets the AAMI standard and BHS protocol.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Algorithms*
  • Automation
  • Blood Pressure Determination / methods*
  • Blood Pressure Monitors*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Observer Variation
  • Oscillometry / instrumentation*
  • Reference Standards
  • Reproducibility of Results