A total of 637 timed-urine collections for creatinine excretion rates obtained from 295 children over 14 years have been analyzed. The children ranged in age from 2.8 to 21.7 years at the time of the clearance study. The data analyzed included only one study from a child during any 6-month period. The objective is to provide data defining the expected range of creatinine excretion for renal clearance studies. One hundred forty-two studies were conducted on children not pretreated with cimetidine and 495 on those pretreated with cimetidine. Analysis showed that pretreatment with cimetidine for creatinine clearance studies does not alter creatinine excretion rates (P=0.080; 95% CI -0.03 to 1.61). Creatinine excretion rates in urine collections obtained at home (roughly 24-h collections) were compared with 2-h supervised collections in the Children's Kidney Center. The supervised urine collections resulted in creatinine excretion rates 1.38 mg/kg/24 h greater than home collections (P=0.001; 95% CI 0.76-2.00). Using regression equations for creatinine excretion rate with age, tables have been prepared showing the expected rate of creatinine excretion for renal clearance studies in children 3-21 years of age.