Identification of prognostic factors in advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma

Gynecol Oncol. 2001 Sep;82(3):532-7. doi: 10.1006/gyno.2001.6328.


Objective: The Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) has demonstrated that age, tumor grade, and size and number of residual lesions after primary cytoreductive surgery are significant prognostic factors in advanced ovarian carcinoma. Recent studies have reported numerous other clinical features as having prognostic value. We sought to identify the independent prognostic factors for survival in a cohort of patients with advanced ovarian cancer.

Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of all patients with stage III and IV ovarian carcinoma who received their primary treatment at our institution between 1987 and 1994.

Results: A total of 295 patients were identified, 282 of whom were evaluable. Of these 282 patients, 214 (76%) have died of disease or other causes. The median follow-up is 32 months (range: 1-139). Eighteen factors were evaluated for prognostic significance. Significant factors in univariate analysis included patient age, gravidity (0 vs > 0), parity (0 vs > 0), preoperative albumin level, preoperative total protein level, ascites (presence vs absence), disease stage (IIIA/IIIB vs IIIC vs IV), number of residual lesions (< or =20 vs >20), and diameter of largest residual tumor nodule (< or = 1 cm vs 1-2 cm vs > 2 cm). However, on multivariate analysis, only patient age (P < 0.001), ascites (P = 0.001), and size of residual disease (P = 0.005) retained prognostic significance. Substage of disease was of borderline significance (P = 0.086).

Conclusion: Although numerous clinical variables have recently been reported to have prognostic value in advanced ovarian carcinoma, only patient age, presence or absence of ascites, and diameter of the largest residual tumor nodule proved to be of statistical significance in our analysis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use
  • Carboplatin / administration & dosage
  • Cisplatin / administration & dosage
  • Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage
  • Epithelial Cells / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / mortality
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / therapy
  • Paclitaxel / administration & dosage
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Rate
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Carboplatin
  • Paclitaxel
  • Cisplatin