Differential osteopontin expression in lung cancer

Cancer Lett. 2001 Oct 10;171(2):215-22. doi: 10.1016/s0304-3835(01)00607-3.


Osteopontin (OPN) is a phosphorylated glycoprotein with diverse functions including cancer development, progression and metastasis. Its expression is induced by a variety of stimuli such as TNF-alpha and Ras proto-oncogene. However, differential OPN expression and its regulation in each histologic type of lung cancer are not well established. In this study, we assessed expression of OPN in lung cancer tissues with immunohistochemical analysis. OPN was predominantly expressed in tumor cells of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues: 11 of 16 cases (68.8%) of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), five of 24 cases (20.8%) of adenocarcinoma (AD), but only two of 18 cases (11%) of small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Expectedly, OPN was principally expressed in NSCLC cell lines (H322 cells and HL460 cells) but not in SCLC cell line (H69 cells) by Western blotting and Northern blotting. Interestingly, Ras-p21 was specifically co-expressed with OPN staining in eight of eight cases with SCC (100%), whereas it was demonstrated in three of ten cases (30%) with AD and only one of 18 cases (5%) with SCLC. Collectively, these results suggest that OPN is mainly expressed in NSCLC, especially among SCC. OPN expression may be tightly regulated by Ras oncogene, and its concomitant induction with Ras activation may play a crucial role in the development of SCC.

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / genetics
  • Adenocarcinoma / metabolism
  • Carcinoma, Small Cell / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Small Cell / metabolism
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Genes, ras / genetics
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Lung Neoplasms / genetics
  • Lung Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteopontin
  • Proto-Oncogene Mas
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Sialoglycoproteins / biosynthesis*
  • Sialoglycoproteins / genetics
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • MAS1 protein, human
  • Proto-Oncogene Mas
  • RNA, Messenger
  • SPP1 protein, human
  • Sialoglycoproteins
  • Osteopontin