The clinical value of [90Y-DOTA]-D-Phe1-Tyr3-octreotide (90Y-DOTATOC) in the treatment of neuroendocrine tumours: a clinical phase II study

Ann Oncol. 2001 Jul;12(7):941-5. doi: 10.1023/a:1011160913619.


Purpose: The aim of this phase II study was to evaluate the tumour response of neuroendocrine tumours to targeted irradiation with the radiolabelled somatostatin analogue 90Y-DOTATOC. In addition, the palliative effect of 90Y-DOTATOC treatment on the malignant carcinoid syndrome and tumour-associated pain was investigated.

Patients and methods: Forty-one patients (mean age 53 years) with neuroendocrine gastroenteropancreatic and bronchial tumours were included. Eighty-two percent of the patients had therapy resistant and progressive disease. The treatment consisted of four intravenous injections of a total of 6000 MBq/m2 90Y-DOTATOC, administered at intervals of six weeks.

Results: The overall response rate was 24%. For endocrine pancreatic tumours it was 36%. Complete remissions (CR) were found in 2% (1 of 41), partial remissions (PR) in 22% (9 of 41), minor response in 12% (5 of 41), stable disease (SD) in 49% (20 of 41) and progressive disease (PD) in 15% (6 of 41). The median follow up was 15 months (range 1 month to 36 months). The median duration of response has not been reached at 26 months. The two-year survival time was 76 +/- 16%. Eighty-three percent of the patients suffering from the malignant carcinoid syndrome achieved a significant reduction of symptoms. The treatment was well tolerated. A reduction of pain score was observed in all patients (5 of 41) with morphine dependent tumour-associated pain. Side effects included grade III (NCIGC) pancytopenia in 5%, and vomiting shortly after injection in 23%. No grade III-IV renal toxicity was observed.

Conclusion: Targeted radiotherapy with 90Y-DOTATOC is a novel, well-tolerated treatment for neuroendocrine tumours with a remarkable objective response rate, survival time, and symptomatic response.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuroendocrine Tumors / drug therapy*
  • Octreotide / adverse effects
  • Octreotide / analogs & derivatives*
  • Octreotide / therapeutic use*
  • Radiopharmaceuticals / adverse effects
  • Radiopharmaceuticals / therapeutic use*
  • Survival Analysis
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Octreotide
  • Edotreotide