A mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent signaling pathway in the activation of platelet integrin alpha IIbbeta3

J Biol Chem. 2001 Nov 9;276(45):42226-32. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M106129200. Epub 2001 Aug 24.


We have recently shown that the platelet integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) is activated by von Willebrand factor (vWF) binding to its platelet receptor, glycoprotein Ib-IX (GPIb-IX), via the protein kinase G (PKG) signaling pathway. Here we show that GPIb-IX-mediated activation of integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3) is inhibited by dominant negative mutants of Raf-1 and MEK1 in a reconstituted integrin activation model in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and that the integrin-dependent platelet aggregation induced by either vWF or low dose thrombin is inhibited by MEK inhibitors PD98059 and U0126. Thus, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway is important in GPIb-IX-dependent activation of platelet integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3). Furthermore, vWF binding to GPIb-IX induces phosphorylation of Thr-202/Tyr-204 of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK2). GPIb-IX-induced ERK2 phosphorylation is inhibited by PKG inhibitors and enhanced by overexpression of recombinant PKG. PKG activators also induce ERK phosphorylation, indicating that activation of MAPK pathway is downstream from PKG. Thus, our data delineate a novel integrin activation pathway in which ligand binding to GPIb-IX activates PKG that stimulates MAPK pathway, leading to integrin activation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • CHO Cells
  • Cricetinae
  • Cyclic GMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / physiology
  • MAP Kinase Kinase 1
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases / physiology
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / physiology*
  • Platelet Activation*
  • Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex / physiology*
  • Platelet Glycoprotein GPIb-IX Complex / physiology
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / physiology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-raf / physiology
  • Thromboxane A2 / physiology


  • Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex
  • Platelet Glycoprotein GPIb-IX Complex
  • Thromboxane A2
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-raf
  • Cyclic GMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • MAP Kinase Kinase 1
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases