In experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), Th1 cells are responsible for disease induction while Th2 cells can be protective. To address the mechanisms of this differential behavior, we utilized organotypic murine entorhinal-hippocampal slice cultures to analyze interactions between myelin basic protein-specific Th1 and Th2 cells with microglial cells. While both Th1 and Th2 cells induced CD40 expression, only Th1 cells induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression on microglia. Moreover, Th2 cells prevented or even reversed Th1-induced ICAM-1 upregulation. Evidently, Th2 cells could diminish Th1-induced inflammatory reactions and actively support the resting state of microglia, which could be one mechanism of Th2-mediated remission of neuroinflammation during EAE.