The Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase is understood to function as a hetero-oligomer of alpha- and beta-subunits, but a third subunit, gamma, has been proposed to influence the enzyme's catalytic function. Recently, two variants of the gamma-subunit have been described in kidney, raising the possibility of multiple gamma-subunits with diverse functions. We now report the cloning and sequencing of the mouse gamma-subunit gene (Fxyd2). Analysis of the structure of the gene shows that it encodes three mRNAs that have distinct NH(2)-terminal (extracellular) encoding sequences but common transmembrane and COOH-terminal-encoding sequences resulting from differential splicing and, probably, alternate promoter usage. The three mRNAs have tissue-specific expression patterns. The existence of three different extracellular domains of the gamma-variants and how they may interact with the sodium pump to alter its cation transport properties must now be taken into account for future understanding of the modulation of the Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase by its gamma-subunit.