In a questionnaire to medical students in Sweden, only 6 out of 135 answered that they wanted voluntary active euthanasia to be legalized. However, most of the students were of the opinion that the charges brought against the physician could be withdrawn pending assessment by a public prosecutor (55), or alternatively, that remission of sentence could be granted pending assessment by a court (45). A somewhat smaller group (26) answered that prison corresponding to the sentence for manslaughter was reasonable. Only 3 students considered voluntary active euthanasia to be murder. Legal monitoring of each case of active euthanasia was very important to these medical students, but many answered that under specific conditions there should be no punishment.