We recently reported having identified of the ligand for an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor, hOT7T175, as the gene product (68-121)-amide of the metastasis suppressor gene KiSS-1. We further showed that the ligand, which we named "metastin," inhibits chemotaxis and invasion of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells transfected with hOT7T175 cDNA (CHO/h175) in vitro, and pulmonary metastasis of hOT7T175-transfected B16-BL6 melanomas in vivo. In the present study, we investigated the activity of metastin in CHO/h175 cells in greater detail. Metastin significantly suppressed motility in a chemotaxis assay and wound healing assay at 10-100 nM order concentrations. Two N-terminally truncated peptides, metastin(40-54) and metastin(45-54) inhibited the migration of CHO/h175 cells as potently as metastin itself. Metastin also inhibited the spreading, monolayer growth and colony formation in agar (0.8%) of CHO/h175 cells at 10-100 nM concentrations. These results indicate that metastin is a potent inhibitor of cell motility, leading to suppression of cell growth and antimetastatic activity, and suggest that low molecular chemical compounds could replace its activity as a novel antimetastatic agent.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.