Clinical validity of the 'mini-mental state' for Spanish speaking communities

Neuropsychologia. 2001;39(11):1150-7. doi: 10.1016/s0028-3932(01)00055-0.


The Mini-Mental State (MMS) is a brief structured test of cognitive function. The purpose of this study was to adapt and normalise MMS for the Spanish population. The test was administered to 450 subjects (253 control volunteers, 86 mild memory/cognitive impairment without dementia subjects - CIWD and 111 Alzheimer's Disease patients - AD). A cross-sectional statistical study in a population stratified by age and education was conducted. A more accurate diagnosis is provided by scores that have been adjusted for age and level of education. The recommended cut-off in our study was 24/25 (non-demented above 24). The adaptation and normalisation of MMS provides the Spanish population with a highly valuable screening tool.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alzheimer Disease / diagnosis*
  • Alzheimer Disease / epidemiology
  • Cognition Disorders / diagnosis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Language*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests*
  • Observer Variation
  • Reference Standards
  • Reproducibility of Results