Objectives: Two thirds of nursing homes are investor owned. This study examined whether investor ownership affects quality.
Methods: We analyzed 1998 data from state inspections of 13,693 nursing facilities. We used a multivariate model and controlled for case mix, facility characteristics, and location.
Results: Investor-owned facilities averaged 5.89 deficiencies per home, 46.5% higher than nonprofit facilities and 43.0% higher than public facilities. In multivariate analysis, investor ownership predicted 0.679 additional deficiencies per home; chain ownership predicted an additional 0.633 deficiencies. Nurse staffing was lower at investor-owned nursing homes.
Conclusions: Investor-owned nursing homes provide worse care and less nursing care than do not-for-profit or public homes.