Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) constitutes a genetically heterogeneous group of inherited motor and sensory peripheral neuropathies. The axonal type of CMT is designated CMT type 2 (CMT2). Four loci for autosomal dominant CMT2 have been reported so far. Only in CMT2E, linked to chromosome 8p21, disease-causing mutations in the gene for neurofilament light chain (NEFL) were identified. In this study we report a multigenerational Russian family with autosomal dominant CMT2 and assign the locus to chromosome 7q11-q21. The CMT2 neuropathy in this family represents a novel genetic entity designated CMT2F.