Case report. Diagnosis of early HIV-1 infection

AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2001 May;15(5):237-41. doi: 10.1089/10872910152050757.


The diagnosis of acute infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) presents a challenge for the primary care provider. We present a case of early HIV infection and discuss the limitations of the currently established diagnostic algorithm for HIV infection. We conclude that alternative diagnostic testing for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA is warranted in certain clinical settings. Appropriate, early diagnosis of HIV infection may improve the patient's outcome and provide additional public health benefits by reducing transmission of disease.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Algorithms
  • Blotting, Western
  • CD4 Lymphocyte Count
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • HIV Core Protein p24 / blood
  • HIV Infections / diagnosis*
  • HIV-1*
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Male
  • RNA, Viral / blood
  • Viral Load


  • HIV Core Protein p24
  • RNA, Viral