Analysis of ankle kinetics during walking in individuals with Down syndrome

Am J Ment Retard. 2001 Sep;106(5):470-8. doi: 10.1352/0895-8017(2001)106<0470:AOAKDW>2.0.CO;2.


The biomechanical characteristics of the ankle during gait of 17 participants with Down syndrome, ages 8 to 36 years, were investigated. Ten volunteers without disabilities of comparable anthropometric parameters were the control group. A 3-dimensional gait analysis was performed using an optoelectronic system equipped with a force platform. Participants with Down syndrome showed significant decreases of plantar-flexor moments and of A1 and A2 joint powers. Furthermore, correlation between kinetic and temporal spatial parameters was markedly reduced or weak in comparison to the control group. These results point out a hypofunctioning of ankle, probably due to hypotonia and ligament laxity.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Ankle Joint / physiopathology*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Child
  • Down Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Down Syndrome / physiopathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Joint Instability / diagnosis
  • Joint Instability / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Muscle Hypotonia / diagnosis
  • Muscle Hypotonia / physiopathology*
  • Reference Values
  • Walking / physiology*