Pathological and genetic analysis of the degenerating muscle (dmu) mouse: a new allele of Scn8a

Hum Mol Genet. 2001 Aug 15;10(17):1819-27. doi: 10.1093/hmg/10.17.1819.


Here, we describe a novel spontaneous autosomal recessive mutation in the mouse that is characterized by skeletal and cardiac muscle degeneration. We have named this mutant degenerating muscle (dmu). At birth, mutant mice are indistinguishable from their normal littermates. Thereafter, the disease progresses rapidly and a phenotype is first observed at approximately 11 days after birth; the dmu mice are weak and have great difficulty in moving. The principal cause of the lack of mobility is muscle atrophy and wasting in the hindquarters. Affected mice die at or around the time of weaning of unknown causes. Histopathological observations and ultrastructural analysis revealed muscle degeneration in both skeletal and cardiac muscle, but no abnormalities in sciatic nerves. Using linkage analysis, we have mapped the dmu locus to the distal portion of mouse chromosome 15 in a region syntenic to human chromosome 12q13. Interestingly, scapuloperoneal muscular dystrophy (SPMD) in humans has been linked to this region. SPMD patients with associated cardiomyopathy have also been described in the past. Initial analysis of candidate genes on mouse chromosome 15 reveal that although intact transcripts for Scn8a, the gene encoding the sodium channel 8a subunit, are present in dmu mice, their levels are dramatically reduced. Furthermore, genetic complementation crosses between dmu and med (mutation in Scn8a) mice revealed that they are allelic. Our results suggest that at least a portion of the dmu phenotype is caused by a down-regulation of Scn8a, making dmu a new allele of Scn8a.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C3H
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Mutant Strains / genetics*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / pathology
  • Mutation*
  • Myocardium / pathology
  • NAV1.6 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics*
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / genetics*
  • Sodium Channels / genetics*


  • NAV1.6 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • SCN8A protein, human
  • Scn8a protein, mouse
  • Sodium Channels