Interrogation of heme pocket environment of mammalian peroxidases with diatomic ligands

Biochemistry. 2001 Sep 11;40(36):10747-55. doi: 10.1021/bi010478v.


Recent studies demonstrate that myeloperoxidase (MPO), eosinophil peroxidase (EPO), and lactoperoxidase (LPO), homologous members of the mammalian peroxidase superfamily, can all serve as catalysts for generating nitric oxide- (nitrogen monoxide, NO) derived oxidants. These enzymes contain heme prosthetic groups that are ligated through a histidine nitrogen and use H(2)O(2) as the electron acceptor in the catalysis of oxidative reactions. Here we show that heme reduction of these peroxidases results in distinct electronic and/or conformational changes in their heme pockets using a combination of rapid kinetics measurements, optical absorbance, and diatomic ligand binding studies. Addition of reducing agent to each peroxidase at ground state [Fe(III) state] causes immediate buildup of the corresponding Fe(II) complexes. Spectral changes indicate that two LPO-Fe(II) species are present in solution at equilibrium. Analyses of stopped-flow traces collected when EPO, MPO, or LPO solutions rapidly mixed with NO were accurately fit by single-exponential functions. Plots of the apparent rate constants as a function of NO concentration for all Fe(III) and Fe(II) forms were linear with positive intercepts, consistent with NO binding to each form in a simple reversible one-step mechanism. Fe(II) forms of MPO and LPO, but not EPO, displayed significantly lower affinity toward NO compared to Fe(III) forms, suggesting that heme reduction causes a dramatic change in the heme pocket electronic environment that alters the affinity and/or accessibility of heme iron toward NO. Optical absorbance spectra indicate that CO binds to the Fe(II) forms of both LPO and EPO, but not with MPO, and generates their respective low-spin six-coordinate complexes. Kinetic analyses indicate that the binding of CO to EPO is monophasic while CO binding to LPO is biphasic. Collectively, these results illustrate for the first time functional differences in the heme pocket environments of Fe(II) forms of EPO, LPO, and MPO toward binding of diatomic ligands. Our results suggest that, upon reduction, the heme pocket of MPO collapses, LPO adopts two spectroscopically and kinetically distinguishable forms (one partially open and the other relatively closed), and EPO remains open.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Anaerobiosis
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Carbon Monoxide / chemistry*
  • Carbon Monoxide / metabolism
  • Ferric Compounds / chemistry
  • Ferrous Compounds / chemistry
  • Heme / chemistry*
  • Heme / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Ligands
  • Mammals
  • Nitric Oxide / chemistry*
  • Nitric Oxide / metabolism
  • Oxidants / chemistry
  • Oxidants / metabolism
  • Peroxidase / blood
  • Peroxidase / chemistry*
  • Spectrophotometry
  • Swine


  • Ferric Compounds
  • Ferrous Compounds
  • Ligands
  • Oxidants
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Heme
  • Carbon Monoxide
  • Peroxidase