Tyrosine Phosphorylation of p190 RhoGAP by Fyn Regulates Oligodendrocyte Differentiation

J Neurobiol. 2001 Oct;49(1):62-78. doi: 10.1002/neu.1066.

Abstract

During development of the central nervous system, oligodendrocyte progenitor cells differentiate into mature myelinating cells. The molecular signals that promote this process, however, are not well defined. One molecule that has been implicated in oligodendrocyte differentiation is the Src family kinase Fyn. In order to probe the function of Fyn in this system, a yeast two hybrid screen was performed. Using Fyn as bait, p190 RhoGAP was isolated in the screen of an oligodendrocyte cDNA library. Coimmunoprecipitation and in vitro binding assays verified that p190 RhoGAP bound to the Fyn SH2 domain. Phosphorylation of p190 required active Fyn tyrosine kinase and was increased threefold upon differentiation of primary oligodendrocytes. Moreover, complex formation between p190 and p120 RasGAP occurred in differentiated oligodendrocytes. p190 RhoGAP activity is known to regulate the RhoGDP:RhoGTP ratio. Indeed, expression of dominant negative Rho in primary oligodendrocytes caused a hyperextension of processes. Conversely, constitutively activated Rho caused reduced process formation. These findings define a pathway in which Fyn activity regulates the phosphorylation of p190, leading to an increase in RhoGAP activity with a subsequent increase in RhoGDP, which in turn, regulates the morphological changes that accompany oligodendrocyte differentiation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acute-Phase Proteins / physiology
  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors / metabolism*
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors / physiology
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Nuclear Proteins / physiology
  • Oligodendroglia / cytology*
  • Oligodendroglia / physiology
  • Phosphorylation
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fyn
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Tyrosine / metabolism*
  • p120 GTPase Activating Protein / physiology

Substances

  • Acute-Phase Proteins
  • Arhgap35 protein, rat
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Repressor Proteins
  • acute-phase protein rho
  • p120 GTPase Activating Protein
  • Tyrosine
  • Fyn protein, rat
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fyn