The physician-cosmonaut tasks in stabilizing the crew members health and increasing an effectiveness of their preparation for returning to Earth

Acta Astronaut. 1991:23:149-51. doi: 10.1016/0094-5765(91)90112-i.


During a final 4-month stage of 1-year space flight of cosmonauts Titov and Manarov, a physician, Valery Polyakov was included on a crew for the purpose of evaluating their health, correcting physical status to prepare for the spacecraft reentry and landing operations. The complex program of scientific investigations and experiments performed by a physician included an evaluation of adaptation reactions of the human body at different stages of space mission using clinicophysiological and biochemical methods; testing of alternative regimes of exercises and new countermeasures to prevent an unfavorable effect of long-term weightlessness.

MeSH terms

  • Aerospace Medicine*
  • Astronauts*
  • Exercise Therapy
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Monitoring, Physiologic
  • Physician's Role*
  • Space Flight*
  • Weightlessness Countermeasures*
  • Weightlessness*