Population figures for the Republic of South Africa are given, with projected figures to the year 2000. The population status of the Municipality of Johannesburg, its birth rate and infant mortality rate, are presented. Points affecting the acceptance of contraception and family planning clinics are made and the unique situation of family planning clinics is emphasised. Figures relating to attendence at family planning clinics in Johannesburg are presented. Aspects such as consent for contraception, sex education for adolescents, abortion and sterilisation are commented on.