Background/aims: Mutations in the cationic trypsinogen gene have been detected in patients with hereditary pancreatitis (HP). This study investigates the prevalence of the R122H, N29I, A16V and -28delTCC mutations in the common, non-hereditary forms of chronic pancreatitis and in a HP family.
Methods: DNA was prepared from blood samples of 53 patients with chronic pancreatitis (36 alcoholic, 14 idiopathic and 3 hereditary), 20 alcoholic controls and 20 healthy, ethnically matched controls. The R122H and A16V mutations were identified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction enzyme digestion. A nested-PCR was used to identify the N29I mutation. The -28delTCC deletion and the C133807T polymorphism were sought by direct sequencing.
Results: The R122H mutation was detected in 1 patient with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis and all 3 affected members of a HP family. The N29I, A16V and -28delTCC mutations were not detected in any of the study subjects. At the C133807T polymorphism, the C allele and C/C genotype were significantly increased in alcoholic chronic pancreatitis (p = 0.001 and p = 0.0004, respectively) while the T allele and CT genotype were significantly reduced (p = 0.001 and p = 0.004, respectively) compared to healthy controls.
Conclusions: Mutations of the cationic trypsinogen gene are rarely found in chronic pancreatitis patients of typical aetiology. Screening for these mutations should be considered in those with a family history consistent with hereditary pancreatitis but may also be appropriate in a well-defined subgroup of patients with non-hereditary chronic pancreatitis, i.e. those who have developed the disease before the age of 30.
Copyright 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel