Vegetative innervation of the esophagus. III. Intraepithelial endings

Acta Anat (Basel). 1975;92(2):242-58. doi: 10.1159/000144444.


Intraepithelial fibers do occur in the mucosa of the esophagus, as demonstrated by the osmium tetroxide-zinc iodide method in cats and rhesus monkeys. The esophagus is divided into three parts, in order to study the penetration incidence, and the uppermost and the lowest show the greatest density of penetration, while in the middle portion only occasional fibers in small numbers are found. The specific characteristics observed in this type of fiber, such as their distribution along the wall of the esophagus, the levels reached by their endings within the mucous epithelium itself and this same epithelium considered as the specified destination of the endings, lead to the belief that they may be functionally regarded as structures of a sensory character.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Autonomic Nervous System / anatomy & histology*
  • Autonomic Nervous System / cytology
  • Axons
  • Cats / anatomy & histology
  • Epithelial Cells
  • Esophagus / cytology
  • Esophagus / innervation*
  • Macaca mulatta / anatomy & histology
  • Nerve Endings / cytology*
  • Species Specificity