Background: Periostin protein shares structural and sequence homology with fasciclin I, which is an insect adhesion molecule. Periostin has a typical signal peptide at the N-terminal end, which suggests that it is a secreted protein. Recently, the authors developed a novel sandwich chemiluminescence assay to determine serum concentrations of periostin.
Methods: The authors investigated the serum periostin level in lung carcinoma patients and attempted to determine the influence of serum periostin level on clinical outcome for patients with nonsmall cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) who had undergone surgery between January 1994 and July 1996. Expression of periostin messenger RNA was also examined by in situ RNA hybridization for lung carcinomas.
Results: The periostin gene was shown to be highly expressed at the tumor periphery of lung carcinoma tissue but not within the tumor by in situ RNA hybridization. Serum periostin levels were not significantly different between the NSCLC patients (1142.1 +/- 89.2 ng/mL) and the normal control (962.0 +/- 118.6 ng/mL) (P = 0.2985). There was no relation between serum periostin level and gender, stage, bone metastasis, N status, or T status. However, the serum periostin levels of NSCLC patients had decreased significantly by 4 weeks after the resection of the tumor. The NSCLC patients with high periostin level (> 962 ng/mL) had significantly poorer survival than the patients with normal periostin level (P = 0.0406). Using the Cox proportional hazards regression model, the authors found that stage (P < 0.0001) and serum periostin level (P = 0.0226) were independent prognostic factors.
Conclusions: The in situ RNA hybridization data from the current study suggested that expression of periostin may be involved in tumor invasionand that the serum periostin level may serve as a prognostic marker for NSCLC.
Copyright 2001 American Cancer Society.