A review of urologic cancer patients with multiple primary malignancies

World J Urol. 2001 Aug;19(4):240-3. doi: 10.1007/s003450100210.


Much has been written on the treatment of solitary or multiple metastatic nodules that sometimes present in patients with urological malignancies. However, relatively little has been published regarding those patients with urological cancer who have another concomitant primary non-urologic tumor. We describe several cases of patients who presented with a urologic malignancy and a secondary non-urologic tumor. We also reviewed the literature using MEDLINE to gather information concerning this rare occurrence. We found that secondary malignancies, although not very common, are being increasingly reported. They are usually detected during the preoperative work-up of the primary tumor, usually by CT scan, ultrasound, or chest X-ray. Most authors suggest that treatment should be directed at the more aggressive lesion first, which would improve the overall status of the patient, and thus allow a better response from therapy for the secondary lesion. While patients with multiple primary malignancies are rare, the urologist should be alerted to this possibility when evaluating the patient for the initially presenting or detected tumor.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis
  • Adenocarcinoma / therapy
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / diagnosis
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / therapy
  • Colonic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Colonic Neoplasms / therapy
  • Humans
  • Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Kidney Neoplasms / therapy
  • Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Liver Neoplasms / therapy
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Lung Neoplasms / therapy
  • Lymphoma / diagnosis
  • Lymphoma / therapy
  • Male
  • Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis*
  • Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / therapy
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / therapy