Roots and shoots of tomato produce 6-deoxo-28-norcathasterone, 6-deoxo-28-nortyphasterol and 6-deoxo-28-norcastasterone, possible precursors of 28-norcastasterone

Phytochemistry. 2001 Sep;58(2):233-8. doi: 10.1016/s0031-9422(01)00237-0.

Abstract

Roots and shoots of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) were investigated for the occurrence of biosynthetic precursors of 28-norcastasterone, a C27 brassinosteroid that we have shown to be present in shoots of tomato. A series of putative precursors, including 6-deoxo-28-norcathasterone, 6-deoxo-28-norteasterone, 3-dehydro-6-deoxo-28-norteasterone, 6-deoxo-28-nortyphasterol and 6-deoxo-28-norcastasterone, were synthesized and used as GC-MS standards, resulting in the identification of 6-deoxo-28-norcathasterone, 6-deoxo-28-nortyphasterol and 6-deoxo-28-norcastasterone in both roots and shoots. These findings indicate that the biosynthesis of 28-norcastasterone may parallel that of castasterone. The endogenous levels of brassinosteroids differed between roots and shoots, indicating that the biosynthesis of brassinosteroids is differently regulated between these tissues. Regulation of root growth by brassinosteroids is also discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
  • Lycopersicon esculentum / metabolism*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Plant Roots / metabolism
  • Plant Shoots / metabolism
  • Steroids / biosynthesis*
  • Steroids / metabolism

Substances

  • Steroids