An investigation of bisphosphonate inhibition of a vacuolar proton-pumping pyrophosphatase

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Sep 21;287(2):468-73. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.2001.5617.


We report the results of a three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR)/comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) of the activity of 18 bisphosphonates and imidodiphosphate in the inhibition of a mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) vacuolar proton pumping pyrophosphatase (V/H(+)-PPase; EC We find an experimental versus QSAR predicted pK(app)(i) R(2) value of 0.89, a cross-validated R(2) = 0.77, and a bootstrapped R(2) = 0.89 for 18 bisphosphonates plus imidodiphosphate over the 1.3 microM to 425 microM range of K(app)(i) values. We also demonstrate that this approach has predictive utility (a 0.26 pK(app)(i) rms error for three test sets of 3 activity predictions each), corresponding to about a factor of two error in K(app)(i) prediction. The 3D-QSAR/CoMFA approach provides a quantitative method for predicting the activity of V/H(+)-PPase inhibitors and is likely to be of use in the design of novel pharmacological agents since all of the major human disease-causing parasitic protozoa contain large levels of pyrophosphate, together with V-type proton-pumping pyrophosphatases located in plant-like vacuoles (acidocalcisomes), which are absent in their mammalian hosts.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Diphosphonates / chemistry
  • Diphosphonates / pharmacology*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / chemistry
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Kinetics
  • Models, Molecular
  • Pyrophosphatases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Pyrophosphatases / metabolism*
  • Rosales / enzymology*
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Diphosphonates
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Pyrophosphatases