Well-Differentiated villoglandular adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: a report of 15 cases including two with lymph node metastasis

J Med Assoc Thai. 2001 Jun;84(6):882-8.


Well-differentiated villoglandular adenocarcinoma is a recently described subtype of cervical adenocarcinoma. The tumor of this type is reported to have distinct clinicopathologic features and excellent prognosis. However, lymph node metastases of this tumor have been described in few reports. Fifteen cases of well-differentiated villoglandular adenocarcinoma treated at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital were retrospectively reviewed for both clinical and histopathological features. All patients underwent radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy. In the cases with lymph node metastasis, adjuvant radiation therapy was also given. The patients ranged in age from 22 to 53 years (mean, 39.3). Fourteen patients were FIGO stage IB and one was stage IIA. All patients had exophytic friable cervical masses. Tumor size known in 14 cases ranged from 1.5 to 4 cm (mean, 2.3). Eleven tumors (73.3%) were confined to the inner third of the cervical stroma with 9 of these (60%) showing only superficial invasion (depth < or = 3 mm). The tumors invaded deeply to the middle third in 3 cases (20.0%), and to the outer third in one (6.7%). Lymphatic invasion was observed in 3 cases, two of them had pelvic lymph node metastasis. Both patients had tumors involving deeper than the inner third of the cervical wall. The follow-up duration ranged from 21 to 144 months (mean, 67.5). Four of thirteen cases without nodal metastasis were lost to follow-up 36 to 59 months after surgery. All patients showed no evidence of disease at the last visit. Presence of lymphatic invasion and deep stromal involvement appeared to be the risk factors for lymph node metastasis of well-differentiated villoglandular adenocarcinoma.

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology*
  • Adenocarcinoma / surgery
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysterectomy
  • Lymph Node Excision
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery