High levels of thymidylate synthase (TS) expression have been associated with poor survival of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based chemotherapy. Recent evidence suggests that a polymorphism within the enhancer region of the TS gene promoter can influence TS expression, with the triple repeat homozygote (3R/3R) being associated with significantly higher tumour TS levels than either the double repeat homozygote (2R/2R) or heterozygotes (2R/3R). In the present study we investigated whether TS genotype was associated with the degree of survival benefit from chemotherapy in 221 Dukes' C stage CRC patients. Patients with the 3R/3R polymorphism (n = 58, 26%) showed no significant long-term survival benefit from chemotherapy (RR = 0.62, 95% CI: 0.30-1.25, P = 0.18), whereas those with the 2R/2R or 2R/3R genotype (n = 163, 74%) showed significant gains in survival from this treatment (RR = 0.52, 95% CI: 0.52-0.82, P = 0.005). These results demonstrate that a polymorphism within the TS gene, probably through its effect on TS expression levels, can influence the survival benefit obtained by CRC patients from 5-FU-based chemotherapy.
Copyright 2001 Cancer Research Campaign http://www.bjcancer.com.