Regulation of biliary drug efflux pump expression by hormones and xenobiotics

Toxicology. 2001 Oct 5;167(1):37-46. doi: 10.1016/s0300-483x(01)00456-5.

Abstract

Biliary elimination of endogenous compounds and xenobiotics usually requires carrier-mediated systems allowing movement across the canalicular membrane of hepatocytes. The major systems implicated belong to the ATP binding cassette transporter family: P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2), principally mediate the passage into the bile of cationic and anionic compounds, respectively, whereas the bile salt export pump (BSEP) handles biliary acids and also some anticancer drugs. Expression of these canalicular proteins can be altered in response to various hormones and structurally unrelated xenobiotics. Indeed, glucocorticoids up-regulate expression of both MRP2 and BSEP in rat hepatocytes, whereas insulin induces P-gp. P-gp expression is also up-regulated by numerous chemical carcinogens, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and 2-acetylaminofluorene and by some anticancer drugs, such as anthracyclins. 2-Acetylaminofluorene also induces MRP2; in addition, expression of this transporter in liver cells is increased in response to various drugs, such as the barbiturate phenobarbital, the chemopreventive agent, oltipraz and the anticancer drug, cisplatin. Most of the chemical inducers acting on canalicular transporter levels are well-known to up-regulate some hepatic drug metabolizing enzymes, suggesting a coordinate regulation of liver detoxifying proteins in response to these compounds.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B / biosynthesis
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B / genetics
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B / metabolism
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 / biosynthesis*
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 / genetics
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 / metabolism
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 11
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / biosynthesis*
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / genetics
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Anion Transport Proteins
  • Carrier Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects
  • Glucocorticoids / physiology
  • Hormones / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Insulin / physiology
  • Membrane Transport Proteins*
  • Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins*
  • Up-Regulation / physiology
  • Xenobiotics / pharmacology*

Substances

  • ABCB11 protein, human
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 11
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
  • Abcb11 protein, rat
  • Abcc2 protein, rat
  • Anion Transport Proteins
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Hormones
  • Insulin
  • Membrane Transport Proteins
  • Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins
  • Xenobiotics
  • multidrug resistance-associated protein 2
  • multidrug resistance-associated protein 1