Protective effects of clostridium sordellii LT and HT toxoids against challenge with spores in guinea pigs

J Vet Med Sci. 2001 Aug;63(8):879-83. doi: 10.1292/jvms.63.879.

Abstract

The protective effects of Clostridium sordellii lethal toxin (LT) and hemorrhagic toxin (HT) toxoids against challenge with spores in guinea pigs were investigated. Purified LT and partially purified HT were obtained from the culture supernatant of C. sordellii strain 3703, and then were treated with formalin to make toxoids. LT. HT and combined LT and HT (LT/HT) toxoid vaccines were prepared by mixing each toxoid with an aluminum phosphate gel as adjuvant. Guinea pigs immunized twice with the respective toxoid vaccines were challenged with spores of strains 3703 or KZ1047. The latter strain does not produce HT. LT toxoid vaccine conferred protection against challenge with strain KZ1047, but not strain 3703, in guinea pigs. All guinea pigs immunized with HT toxoid vaccine died after challenge with spores of either strain. LT/HT toxoid vaccine gave complete protection against challenge with spores of strains 3703 and KZ1047 to guinea pigs. These results suggest that not only LT toxoid, but also HT toxoid, are essential protective antigens of C. sordellii.

MeSH terms

  • Adjuvants, Immunologic
  • Aluminum Compounds / immunology
  • Animals
  • Bacterial Toxins / immunology*
  • Bacterial Vaccines / immunology
  • Blotting, Western / veterinary
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Clostridium / growth & development
  • Clostridium / immunology*
  • Clostridium Infections / immunology*
  • Clostridium Infections / microbiology
  • Clostridium Infections / prevention & control
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Female
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Immunization / veterinary
  • Male
  • Neutralization Tests / veterinary
  • Phosphates / immunology
  • Toxoids / immunology*
  • Vero Cells

Substances

  • Adjuvants, Immunologic
  • Aluminum Compounds
  • Bacterial Toxins
  • Bacterial Vaccines
  • Phosphates
  • Toxoids
  • hemorrhagic toxin HT, Clostridium sordellii
  • lethal toxin LT, Clostridium sordellii
  • aluminum phosphate