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, 58 (9), 1425-8

The 5-HTTPR*S/*L Polymorphism and Aggressive Behavior in Alzheimer Disease

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The 5-HTTPR*S/*L Polymorphism and Aggressive Behavior in Alzheimer Disease

D L Sukonick et al. Arch Neurol.

Abstract

Background: Aggressive behavior in Alzheimer disease (AD) has been linked to dysfunction of serotonin neurotransmission. Homozygosity for the long variant (*L) of an identified biallelic polymorphism of the serotonin transporter promoter region (5-HTTPR) is associated with increased expression of the transporter protein and increased speed of response to serotonin reuptake inhibitor treatment.

Objective: To determine whether the *L/*L genotype and the *L allele are associated with an increased risk of aggressive symptoms in patients with AD.

Design: Case-control study.

Setting: University hospital geriatric psychiatry inpatient program and Alzheimer disease research center.

Subjects: Fifty-eight patients with AD with a history of aggressive behavior and 79 never-aggressive patients with AD with comparable severity of cognitive impairment.

Main outcome measures: The 5-HTTPR genotype and allele frequency.

Results: The *L/*L genotype was significantly associated with aggression in patients with AD (odds ratio, 2.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-6.5). Similar results were obtained for *L allele frequency.

Conclusion: The 5-HTTPR*L allele and *L/*L genotype may predispose patients with AD to develop aggressive behavior.

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