Traumatic Brown-Séquard-plus syndrome

Arch Neurol. 2001 Sep;58(9):1470-2. doi: 10.1001/archneur.58.9.1470.

Abstract

Background: In the 1840s Brown-Séquard described the motor and sensory effects of sectioning half of the spinal cord. Penetrating injuries can cause Brown-Séquard or, more frequently, Brown-Séquard-plus syndromes.

Objective: To report the case of a 25-year-old man who developed left-sided Brown-Séquard syndrome at the C8 level and left-sided Horner syndrome plus urinary retention and bilateral extensor responses following a stab wound in the right side of the neck.

Results: Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a low cervical lesion and somatosensory evoked potentials confirmed the clinical finding of left-side dorsal column disturbance. At follow-up, the patient's mobility and bladder function had returned to normal.

Conclusion: This patient recovered well after a penetrating neck injury that disturbed function in more than half the lower cervical spinal cord (Brown-Séquard-plus syndrome).

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brown-Sequard Syndrome / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neck Injuries / etiology
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / etiology*
  • Wounds, Stab / complications*