Diagnosis and therapeutics of pulmonary arteriovenous fistula in childhood. Case report and review of the literature

Arq Bras Cardiol. 2001 Sep;77(3):274-81. doi: 10.1590/s0066-782x2001000900008.
[Article in En, Portuguese]


We report the case of a 3-year-old female patient, who, since birth, had cyanosis difficult to explain with usual diagnostic tests. The only findings on physical examination were cyanosis and clubbing of her fingers. Chest computerized tomography showed images of excessive attenuation in the right lung, which resembled arteriovenous fistulae that were later confirmed on cardiac catheterization. The fistulous trajectories were then embolized with 7 Gianturco coils, which resulted in an immediate increase in the arterial saturation of blood oxygen.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arteriovenous Fistula / diagnosis*
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / therapy
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cyanosis / etiology
  • Embolization, Therapeutic
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Pulmonary Artery / abnormalities*
  • Pulmonary Veins / abnormalities*